UT to start newborn, pre-natal screening for Down Syndrome
- City sees 20 new cases of Down syndrome each year
- Pocketful of Sunshine
Down syndrome is a genetic disorder, a forsake in a physique caused by an outset out of an additional chromosome. Normal babies have 46 chromosomes in a physique since babies with down syndrome have 47 chromosomes and a chromosome series 21 or trisomy is a additional one.
This commotion formula in mental retardation, expansion delays, and many other earthy illnesses. It is a common genetic problem in children and with an early diagnosis and diagnosis of a condition, a peculiarity of vital of kids can be softened to a good degree.
According to a United Nations, World Down Syndrome Day, that is a tellurian recognition day is celebrated each year on Mar 21 as it signifies a aberration of a 21st chromosome, that causes a disorder.
Dr Ashu Sawhney, comparison consultant and coordinator, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Jaypee Hospital, Noida and paediatric neonatologist Dr Arvind Garg list a many common causes, symptoms, and diagnosis of a disorder.
Babies with Down Syndrome have specific traits and growth issues, says Dr Sawhney. There are a few abnormalities — a many common one being aberrant facial features, popularly famous as dysmorphic features. Down syndrome patients customarily have upslanted eyes, prosaic nose, scarcely shaped ears, extending tongue, brief height, neck, and hands. They also have a singular double opposite a palm where normal people have dual creases.
Their flesh tinge is diseased that formula in sitting problems and IQ is borderline, between 50-70, whereas, normal babies have 75-80. But they are really accessible children, and customarily good with music.
Later, as these babies grow up, they might rise other problems like corner and thyroid problems. About 40-45 percent Down Syndrome patients have inborn heart disease. Furthermore, their viscera might not be scrupulously shaped and also face eyesight problems and conference loss.
Parents who have a larger risk of carrying babies with Down Syndrome include:
*Children innate to mothers whose age is 35 or above. With augmenting age, a eggs grow comparison and a risk of aberrant chromosome multiplication becomes greater.
*If one child is innate with this condition, there’s a high risk of a second being innate with a same disorder.
Diagnosis and treatment
Performing tests and ultrasound screening during a early stages of pregnancy are ways to diagnose a disorder, says Dr Garg. A mom can opt out of pregnancy if she wants to. Another routine is by Amniocentesis, a routine in that amniotic liquid from a mother’s womb is sampled to shade for any monstrosity in a building fetus.
If not diagnosed before birth, afterwards one can brand a symptoms on a facial coming of a baby or a chromosomal research of a baby can be carried out. Though it can't be treated fully, an early diagnosis can emanate a outrageous disproportion in a life of children.
Furthermore, one needs to rest on a group of specialists who will guard all a health issues of a Down Syndrome studious and will assistance a child in his/her development.