Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy is dissolving a Catalan council and job snap internal elections after MPs there voted to announce independence.
Mr Rajoy pronounced a rare deception of approach order on Catalonia was essential to “recover normality”.
He is also banishment Catalan personality Carles Puigdemont and his cabinet.
The predicament began when Catalan leaders hold an liberty referendum, defying a statute by a Constitutional Court that had announced it illegal.
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The Catalan supervision pronounced that of a 43% of intensity electorate who took part, 90% were in foster of independence. Others boycotted a opinion after a justice ruling.
What did a Spanish PM say?
On Friday a Spanish Senate postulated Mr Rajoy’s supervision a energy to levy approach order on Catalonia, and after an puncture cupboard assembly Mr Rajoy spelled out what that would entail.
“The boss [Carles Puigdemont] had a event to lapse to legality and to call elections,” he said.
“It is what a infancy of a Catalonian people asked for – yet he didn’t wish to do it. So a supervision of Spain is holding a required measures to lapse to legality.”
Regional elections are scheduled for 21 December. Mr Rajoy also announced a sacking of a Catalan military chief.
Rajoy’s dangerous move
By Sarah Rainsford, BBC News, Madrid
Spain’s primary apportion might have hoped warning Catalonia opposite dogmatic liberty would be enough. Now he has to follow by on his oath to levy approach rule, meaningful this is rarely risky.
Mariano Rajoy argues that Catalan separatists left him no choice. But indeed doing that will be formidable and rarely fraught.
It’s since Mr Rajoy called for ease in Spain, after a Catalan opinion for independence. He is behaving with broad, cross-party support though, and open backing.
Here in Madrid many people have begun drifting a Spanish inhabitant dwindle from their windows and balconies, to uncover their support for gripping a nation united.
There is some magnetism for a Catalan cause, mostly since of a military crackdown during a referendum. But distant louder are calls to prosecute those pulling for independence. It’s a pierce that many Spaniards, like their government, are assured was illegal.
What happened in a Catalan parliament?
A suit dogmatic liberty was authorized on Friday with 70 in favour, 10 against, and dual abstentions in a 135-seat chamber. Several antithesis MPs boycotted a vote.
Mr Puigdemont has urged supporters to “maintain a momentum” in a pacific manner.
Separatists contend a pierce means they no longer tumble underneath Spanish jurisdiction.
But a Spanish Constitutional Court is expected to announce it illegal, while a EU, a US, a UK, Germany and France all voiced support for Spanish unity.
Meanwhile Spanish prosecutors contend they will record charges of “rebellion” opposite Mr Puigdemont subsequent week.
What’s a greeting been?
Thousands distinguished a stipulation of liberty on a streets of Barcelona, Catalonia’s informal capital.
As a outcome of a opinion became clear, people popped open cava, a internal stimulating wine.
The same crowds that cheered any Yes opinion from Catalan MPs were reportedly booing Mr Rajoy as he done his announcement.
There have been pro-unity demonstrations too, with protesters in Barcelona fluttering Spanish flags and disapproval Catalan independence.
How did we get here?
After a 1 Oct referendum, Mr Puigdemont sealed a stipulation of liberty yet behind doing to concede talks with a Spanish government.
He abandoned warnings by a Madrid supervision to cancel a move, call Mr Rajoy to initial announce his skeleton to mislay Catalan leaders and levy approach rule.
Catalonia is one of Spain’s richest, many sold regions with a high grade of autonomy.
But many Catalans feel they compensate some-more to Madrid than they get back, and there are chronological grievances, too, in sold Catalonia’s diagnosis underneath a persecution of General Franco.
Catalans are divided on a doubt of liberty – an opinion check progressing this year pronounced 41% were in foster and 49% were against to independence.
16% of Spain’s race live in Catalonia, and it produces:
25.6% of Spain’s exports
19% of Spain’s GDP
20.7% of unfamiliar investment