How middle-age hypertension raises insanity risk later
Yellow spots in eye could be new biomarker for dementia: Study
Decoding dementia: It’s not a demon (May 21-27 is Dementia Action [Awareness] Week)
While smoking and diabetes have prolonged been famous to boost a risk of cancer and heart disease, researchers have warned that it can burden mind segment essential to memory, augmenting a risk for dementia. The commentary showed that smoking and diabetes might have couple with augmenting risk of calcification — calcium salt deposits — in hippocampus, a mind structure critical for both short- and long-term memory storage. Decline in functions of hippocampus have been compared with Alzheimer’s disease, a many common form of dementia.
“We do consider that smoking and diabetes are risk factors,” pronounced lead author Esther J.M. de Brouwer, a geriatrician during a University Medical Centre in a Netherlands.
“In a new histopathology study, hippocampal calcifications were found to be a phenomenon of vascular disease. It is good famous that smoking and diabetes are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. It is, therefore, expected that smoking and diabetes are risk factors for hippocampal calcifications,” de Brouwer added.
In a study, published in a biography Radiology, a group complicated a organisation between vascular risk factors like high blood pressure, diabetes and smoking, and hippocampal calcifications on 1,991 patients with an normal age of 78 years. They also assessed a effects of calcifications on cognitive function. The patients had a customary evidence work-up including cognitive tests and mind CT scans.
While a investigate was not designed to conclusively establish if smoking and diabetes boost a risk of hippocampal calcifications, a formula advise a link.
Of a patients, 380 or 19.1 per cent showed hippocampal calcifications. Older age, diabetes and smoking were compared with an augmenting risk of hippocampal calcifications on CT scans. “We know that calcifications in a hippocampus are common, generally with augmenting age,” de Brouwer said. “However, we did not know if calcifications in a hippocampus associated to cognitive function,” she added.